Country: Czech Republic
Currency: Czech Crown (also accepts Euro in some tourist spots)
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country sharing borders with Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia. Positioned in the North West of the country, Prague, capital and largest city of the Czech Republic is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Central Europe. Prague’s history date back over a thousand year and the city was the seat of Bohemian Kings. Often referred as “the City of a Hundred Spires,” Prague is cut across in two by The Vltava River. Since the Middle Ages Prague has cherished the reputation of one of the most beautiful cities in the world as well as the political, cultural, and economic center of central Europe.
INFORMATION ABOUT PRAGUE | PRAGUE TRAVELING TIPS
The city has affluent architectural heritage and the city centre was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in year 1992. The city is home to more than ten major museums, Gothic churches and the medieval Astronomical Clock, along with several other historical exhibits. The city is well-known for its cultural life and traditional Czech cuisine.
CLIMATE: Prague climate is mild with average temperatures with cool, cloudy, and snowy winters and sunny and temperate summers. Prague receive significant amount of rainfall during the year and rain is common from late spring into early summer. Spring (March to May) is a good time to visit Prague and due to less tourist flow most of the services are available at reasonable price. Prague is busy between the Months of June and August hence September to October is another good period to visit Prague.
PEOPLE & LIFE STYLE: Majority residents are Czech with a tiny Slovak community hence official language of Prague is Czech. The people are relatively friendly and sociable. Literature and Sports are two important aspect of Czech culture.
GETTING TO PRAGUE: International travellers generally arrive at Prague International Airport – Vaclav Havel Airport Prague (CODE: PRG) that is at a distance of 20 kilometers north-west from city centre. The Airport was formerly known as Prague-Ruzyne. There are direct flights from most of the European Destinations and few other International Destinations.
VISA: Depending upon the purpose of your travel, you will be required to apply for different type of Schengen Visa. Type of visa also differs based on your nationality and length of stay.
CURRENCY: Official currency of Czech Republic is Czech Crown (currency code: CZK). Currency is available in various denominations from CZK 100 to CZK 5,000 that can be easily differentiated. Coins exist in six different denominations. Czech Republic did not accept the European single currency hence Czech Crown is mainly accepted though some hotels, shops and restaurants do accept Euros. You can exchange money at most Prague banks at good exchange rates though commission will be charged.
Travel insurance is must when visiting Prague
Beware of Pickpockets
Wear comfortable shoes as you will have to walk a lot
Carry a universal travel adapter
Appropriate clothing required
Don’t smoke in public areas
Emergency Numbers: European emergency number is 112, Fire Brigade – 150, Ambulance Service – 155, Police - 158
Few top destinations near Prague:
Cesky Krumlov: On the banks of the Vltava River, the castle city of Cesky Krumlov is located in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. The 13th-century castle in Cesky Krumlov offers spectacular views of the old town and the river from the top of its Bell Tower. Old Town of Cesky Krumlov is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site and it is an excellent example of a small Central European medieval town whose architectural heritage has remained unharmed.
Terezin Concentration Camp Day: Located on the bank of Ohre River in North Bohemia, Terezin is a countryside town that was once a military fortress. The eighteen century magnificent fortress symbolizes one of history’s darkest chapters during World War II. Visit to Terezin monuments, memorials and museum is surely an educational and historical experience.
Kutna Hora: Located at a distance of an hour, Kutná Hora is a city in east of Prague in the Czech Republic. It is a popular destination renowned for its historic city center included in UNESCO World Heritage List and Church of St. Barbara's. The prehistoric silver mining town was once among the richest city in Kingdom of Bohemia. The peaceful town of Kutna Hora makes a perfect day trip from Prague.
Pilsen: Pilsen is an industrial and beer-brewing centre of West Bohemia and home to Pilsener Beer. The most prominent site of the town includes Pilsner Urquell Brewery, nineteenth century Great Synagogue and The Cathedral of St. Bartholomew.
Activities in Prague / Attractions in Prague
Charles Bridge: Charles Bridge is a famous bridge in Prague, Czech Republic that crosses the Vltava River connecting Old Town and Lesser Town. The bridge is a car free zone and tourists are usually greeted by Czech musicians, artists and souvenir hawkers who are present on both the sides of bridge year-round. Aliya Tour Packages recommends you to visit the Charles Bridge during evening as it enables one to enjoy a spectacular view of fully illuminated Prague Castle.
Prague Castle: Prague Castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and official residence of the Czech Republic’s President. The castle was a seat of power for kings of Bohemia and today it stands as the largest caslte complex in the world. Prague Castle is a significant landmark of Czech capital and is one of the most visited sites. Various categories of tours of this historical premise are available for visitors.
St. Vitus Cathedral: Located within the grounds of Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest and most significant shrine of Czech Republic. It has hosted coronations of several Czech rulers and is also burial place of Czech kings. The seat of the Archbishop of Prague is fine example of Gothic Architecture.
Prague Astronomical Clock: Positioned at the southern side of the old town, the medieval astronomical clock is one of the most convincing landmarks of the capital of the Czech Republic. The history of Prague Astronomical Clock dates back to fifteenth century and it is said that the creator of this masterpiece, Master Hanus was intentionally blinded so he couldn’t create such work of art again. It is one of the most famous clocks around the World which is still in working condition though partially.
Old Town Square: The thirteen century square is the most significant square of Czech Capital, Prague. Situated between Wenceslas Square and Charles Bridge, the Old Town Square has witnessed numerous dramatic historical events. It is surrounded by many historical buildings such as Gothic House, Church of St. Nicholas and few others. The square is among the most visited site of Prague.
Wenceslas Square: Built during the founding of the New Town, Wenceslas Square is one of the main city squares and the commercial and administrative centre. The second largest square is a usual location for demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings.
Dancing House: The unusually shaped building was designed by world-renowned architects Vlado and Frank Gehry. Consisting of two adjoining towers, this fine structure features unique curves with the concept being inspired by the dance skills of the famous film couple – the stone tower symbolizes Fred Astaire and the glass tower, his partner Ginger Rogers.
Vyšehrad: Vyšehrad is a historic fort built on a hill on the right bank of Vltava River offering spectacular views of Prague city. Said to be built in tenth century, the castle is visited by numerous tourist each year and is one of the favorite spot of locals for stroll or picnic.
The Powder Tower: The Powder Tower is a Gothic tower in Prague and one of the most iconic buildings that separates the Old Town from the New Town. The fifteen century monument is also known as Powder Gate (Prasna Brana). Visitors are allowed to visit the top of tower where one can enjoy spectacular view of Prague City.
Petrin Tower: Petrin Tower of Prague derives its name from the Petrin Hill on which the tower stands. The 63.5 m tall steel framework tower is inspired by the Eiffel Tower of Paris. Petrin Tower was built in 1891 for the Prague Jubilee Exhibition and today it is a notable landmark of Prague city. One can climb 299 steps to its peak to enjoy awe-inspiring view of capital city of Czech.
Municipal House: Positioned next to the Powder Gate in the city center, Municipal House is a civic building that was built in year 1912. It is a fine example of Art Nouveau and houses largest concert hall. The building also features conference rooms, a traditional café, a French restaurant, a Czech beer restaurant and an American bar.
Church of Our Lady before Týn: The Church of Mother of God before Týn, regularly deciphered as Church of Our Lady before Týn, is a gothic church and an overwhelming component of the Old Town of Prague, Czech Republic. It has been the principle church of this part of the city since the fourteenth century. The Towers of this Church are 80 m high and beaten by four little towers. Just as numerous different landmarks in Prague, this congregation has a long and memorable history. The Curch of our Lady before the Tyn is a landmark you couldn't abandon seeing, particularly by night, when its strong towers appear to rule the whole display of the old Prague.
St. George's Basilica: St. George's Basilica is the oldest surviving church building within the complex of Prague Castle, Prague, Czech Republic. The cathedral was established by Vratislaus I of Bohemia in 920. It is devoted to Saint George. The basilica was considerably broadened in 973 with the expansion of the Benedictine St. George's Abbey. Its roof is made of a profound, dim wood, its tallness emphasizd by the genuinely restricted width of the congregation. Ornamental windows in the stone dividers give climatic lighting.
Strahov Monastery: Strahov Monastery was founded in 1143 by Jindřich Zdík, Bishop John of Prague, and Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia. It is situated in Strahov, Prague, Czech Republic.
Národní museum: The National Museum is a Czech gallery foundation proposed to efficiently set up, organize, and freely display natural scientific and historical collections. It was established in 1818 by Kašpar Maria Šternberg. Student of history František Palacký was likewise emphatically engaged with the establishment of the exhibition hall. These days, the National Museum contains a huge number of gallery things. Its accumulations incorporate Czech and overseas material declarations to the advancement of nature and history.
Karlštejn Castle: Karlštejn Castle is a substantial Gothic château established 1348 CE by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor-elect and Ruler of Bohemia. The palace filled in as a spot for care the Imperial Regalia just as the Bohemian/Czech royal gems, blessed relics, and other illustrious fortunes. The amazing format of the château structures from the settlement outside the manor dividers straight up to the Imperial Palace and the towers ascending over it will dazzle you with their resourcefulness.
St. Nicholas' Church: The Church of Saint Nicholas is a Late-Gothic and Baroque church in the Old Town of Prague. It was constructed between 1732-1737 on the site of a Gothic church from the thirteenth century which was likewise committed to Saint Nicholas. The cathedral was some time ago utilized by the Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church. The congregation likewise includes a bell tower, which guests are allowed to climb, from the highest point of which are extraordinary perspectives over the congregation's enormous dome and the old city.
Old Royal Palace: The Old Royal Palace is an element of the Prague Castle, Czech Republic. Its history goes back to the twelfth century and it is structured in the Gothic and Renaissance styles. Its Vladislav Hall is utilized for initiations, being the most significant delegate corridor in the nation. It is likewise home to a duplicate of the Czech crown.
Museum Kampa: Historical center Kampa is a cutting edge workmanship display in Prague, Czech Republic, displaying European, and specifically Czech work. The pieces are from the private compilation of Meda Mládek, spouse of Jan V. Mládek. Various transitory displays of work by craftsmen from both the Czech Republic and abroad occur in the exhibition hall consistently. The historical center additionally incorporates an eatery serving customary Czech food.
Vltava River Cruise: The Czech Republic’s longest river, the Vltava begins in southern Bohemia before meandering 270 miles (430 kilometers) northward toward Prague. A river cruise on the Vltava is a unforgettable experience and a perfect way of seeing Czech’s capital. There is a wide range of cruises available from one hour sightseeing cruise to Prague dinner cruise.